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Professor Attila Kardos


Consultant Cardiologist
Milton Keynes University Hospital
Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine & Director of the UoB-TCRG-MKUH
Milton Keynes University Hospital & The University of Buckingham
Special Interests:
Stable Coronary Heart Disease
Multimodality Cardiac Imaging
Valvular Heart Disease
Heart Failure


Professor Attila Kardos is a consultant cardiologist in Milton Keynes University Hospital, where he is also the Associate Director of Research and the Director of the Cardiovascular Research Group. He has a Honorary Chair at the University of Buckingham as Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine, and holds a Visiting Professorial position at both Cranfield and Open Universities.

He has been a Honorary Senior Lecturer to the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine at the Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford. He is the director of the Multimodality Cardiovascular Imaging Services in Milton Keynes. He has over 25 years of research experience and 32 years of clinical experience of which the last 18 years as a consultant.

Professor Kardos is leading as a chief investigator in National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) portfolio endorsed clinical trials addressing digital technology in the Healthcare System (CHESS, Trial reg number: NCT03448861 £100k) and looking at electrical biomarkers in chest pain assessment (VECTRA-CEB, Trial reg number: NCT03498105 £30k).

He is a Co-I in the Artificial Intelligence in Health and Care Award, awarded £1.4 million by the Department of Health and Social Care, through NIHR, “AI_AWARD02013: Artificial Intelligence to improve Cardiometabolic Risk Evaluation using CT (ACRE-CT). He is also a local PI for other Cardiac CT and stress echocardiography based NIHR endorsed research studies RAPID-CTCA and EVAREST respectively as well as interventional multicentric studies EMPHASIS, PARADIGME-HF, IMPROVE-IT, ORFAN-IV, etc..).

He has published 106 papers in peer-reviewed journals, H-index: 24; Speaker and Invited as well as Keynote speaker at National and International Conferences >120. He has supervised 5 MSc, DPhil/PhD/MD students and the first NIHR LCN TV-SM Cardiovascular Research Fellow in the UK. Professor Kardos is a Fellow of the RCP and the European Society of Cardiology and a member of several International Societies such as EACVI, SCCT, BCS, AHA, ACC, ASE etc.).


  1. A J Gray, C Roobottom, J E Smith, S Goodacre, K Oatey, R O’Brien, R F Storey, N Curzen, L Keating, A Kardos, D Felmeden, R J Lee, P Thokala, S C Lewis, D E Newby, on behalf of the RAPID-CTCA Investigators. Early computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2021;374:n2106 | doi: 10.1136/bmj.n2106
  1. Attila Kardos, Ramona Schaupp, Lillian Kettner, Harald Becher. “How to do” – Digital-interactive-interpretation course for stress echocardiography. Eur Heart J Digit Health, Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 179–183, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjdh/ztab004
  1. Bennasar M, Banks D, Price BA, Kardos A. Minimal Patients’ Clinical Variables to Accurately Predict Stress Echocardiography Outcome: Validation Study Using Machine Learning Techniques. JMIR Cardio 2020; 29.05.20 in Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Jan-Dec, doi: 10.2196/16975.
  1. I. Akoumianakis, I. Badi, G. Douglas, S. Chuaiphichai, L. Herdman, N. Akawi, M. Margaritis, A. S. Antonopoulos, E. K. Oikonomou, C. Psarros, N. Galiatsatos, D. Tousoulis, A. Kardos, R. Sayeed, G. Krasopoulos, M. Petrou, U. Schwahn, P. Wohlfart, N. Tennagels, K. M. Channon, C. Antoniades, Insulin-induced vascular redox dysregulation in human atherosclerosis is ameliorated by dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibition. Sci. Transl. Med. 12, eaav8824 (2020). DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aav8824.
  1. Alexios S. Antonopoulos, Attila Kardos, Charalambos Antoniades. Reply: Vein graft biology and the risk of graft occlusion. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. May 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2020.04.048.
  1. Alskaf E, Gupta T, Kardos A. Aortic valve area using computed tomography-derived correction factor to improve the validity of left ventricular outflow tract measurements. Echocardiography. 2020;37:196–206. https :// doi.org/10.1111/echo.14601.
  1. Van Velthoven MH, Adjei F, Vavoulis D, Wells G, Brindley D, Kardos A. ChroniSense National Early Warning Score Study (CHESS): a wearable wrist device to measure vital signs in hospitalised patients-protocol and study design. BMJ Open. 2019 Sep 20;9(9):e028219. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028219.
  1. Kalim S and Kardos A. Cardiac CT Angiography Study of the Prevalence and Short-Term Outcome of Older Patients with Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from The Left Sinus of Valsalva with Inter-Arterial Course. Cardiology Res Cardiovasc Med 2019; 6: 147. DOI: 10.29011/2575-7093.000047.
  1. Ferreira VM, Piechnik SK, Dall’Armellina E, Karamitsos TD, Francis JM, Ntusi N, Holloway C, Choudhury RP, Kardos A, Robson MD, Friedrich MG, Neubauer S. Native T1-mapping detects the location, extent and patterns of acute myocarditis without the need for gadolinium contrast agents. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 2014;16:36.
  1. Ferreira VM, Piechnik SK, Erica Dall’Armellina, Theodoros Karamitsos, Jane M Francis, Ntobeko Ntusi, Cameron Holloway, Robin P Choudhury, Attila Kardos, Matthew D Robson, Matthias G Friedrich, Stefan Neubauer. The diagnostic performance of novel techniques for the detection of acute myocarditis: a clinical study using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance2013;15:1.
  1. Ferreira VM, Piechnik SK, Dall’Armellina E, Karamitsos TD, Francis JM, Ntusi N, Holloway C, Choudhury RP, Kardos A, Robson MD, Friedrich MG and Neubauer S. T(1) mapping for the diagnosis of acute myocarditis using CMR: comparison to T2-weighted and late gadolinium enhanced imaging. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013;6:1048-58.
  1. P. Podolec, Jasek S, C. Droste, A. Kardos, W. Tracz, H. Roskamm. Continuously Recorded Physical Activity Level During Myocardial Ischemia Detected by Ambulatory Electrocardiography. Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology2006;4:137 – 143.
  1. Mayosi BM, Kardos A, Davies CH, Gumedze F, Hovnanian A, Burge S and Watkins H. Heterozygous disruption of SERCA2a is not associated with impairment of cardiac performance in humans: implications for SERCA2a as a therapeutic target in heart failure. Heart. 2006;92:105-9.
  1. Ashley EA, Kardos A, Jack ES, Habenbacher W, Wheeler M, Kim YM, Froning J, Myers J, Whyte G, Froelicher V and Douglas P. Angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype predicts cardiac and autonomic responses to prolonged exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;48:523-31.
  1. J.B. Selvanayagam, A. Kardos, J.M. Francis. Value of delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in predicting myocardial viability after surgical revascularization. ACC Current Journal Review Circulation2005;14:28.
  1. Selvanayagam JB, Petersen SE, Francis JM, Robson MD, Kardos A, Neubauer S and Taggart DP. Effects of off-pump versus on-pump coronary surgery on reversible and irreversible myocardial injury: a randomized trial using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and biochemical markers. Circulation. 2004;109:345-50.
  1. Selvanayagam JB, Kardos A, Nicolson D, Francis J, Petersen SE, Robson M, Banning A and Neubauer S. Anteroseptal or apical myocardial infarction: a controversy addressed using delayed enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2004;6:653-61.
  1. Selvanayagam JB, Kardos A, Francis JM, Wiesmann F, Petersen SE, Taggart DP and Neubauer S. Value of delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in predicting myocardial viability after surgical revascularization. Circulation. 2004;110:1535-41.
  1. Selvanayagam JB, Kardos A, Francis J, Petersen S, Wiesmann F, Taggart DP, Neubauer S. Effects of off-pump versus on-pump coronary surgery on early and late postoperative left ventricular function: A randomized trial using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. . Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2004;43:5.
  1. Mayosi BM, Keavney B, Kardos A, Davies CH, Ratcliffe PJ, Farrall M and Watkins H. Electrocardiographic measures of left ventricular hypertrophy show greater heritability than echocardiographic left ventricular mass. Eur Heart J. 2002;23:1963-71.
  1. M.P Nash CPB, A Kardos, A.J Pullan, D.J Paterson. An experimental model to correlate simultaneous body surface and epicardial electropotential recordings in vivo. . Chaos Solitons & Fractals; . 2002;13 1735-1742.
  1. Kardos A, Watterich G, Casadei B and Rudas L. Baroreflex sensitivity: population values. Acta Cardiol. 2002;57:41-2.
  1. Westaby S, Banning AP, Saito S, Pigott DW, Jin XY, Catarino PA, Robson D, Moorjani N, Kardos A, Poole-Wilson PA, Jarvik R and Frazier OH. Circulatory support for long-term treatment of heart failure: experience with an intraventricular continuous flow pump. Circulation. 2002;105:2588-91.
  1. Thornton JM, Guz A, Murphy K, Griffith AR, Pedersen DL, Kardos A, Leff A, Adams L, Casadei B and Paterson DJ. Identification of higher brain centres that may encode the cardiorespiratory response to exercise in humans. J Physiol. 2001;533:823-36.
  1. Kardos A, Watterich G, de Menezes R, Csanády M, Casadei B and Rudas L. Determinants of spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity in a healthy working population. Hypertension. 2001;37:911-6.
  1. El-Omar M, Kardos A and Casadei B. Mechanisms of respiratory sinus arrhythmia in patients with mild heart failure. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001;280:H125-31.
  1. Kardos A, Taylor DJ, Thompson C, Styles P, Hands L, Collin J and Casadei B. Sympathetic denervation of the upper limb improves forearm exercise performance and skeletal muscle bioenergetics. Circulation. 2000;101:2716-20.
  1. Szili-Török T, Gingl Z, Kardos A, Halmai L and Rudas L. Windowed FFT – a time-variant spectral analysis: applicability during the head-up tilt test. J Clin Basic Cardiol. 1999;2:241-244.
  1. Török T, Petrohai A, Merkely B, Kardos A, Gingl Z, Rudas L and Bodor E. [Cardiovascular autonomic regulation following orthoptic heart transplantation]. Orv Hetil. 1998;139:2833-7.
  1. Hogan N, Kardos A, Paterson DJ and Casadei B. Effect of exogenous nitric oxide on baroreflex function in humans. Am J Physiol. 1999;277:H221-7.
  1. Thornton JM, Pederson DL, Kardos A, Guz A, Casadei B and Paterson DJ. Ventilatory response to imagination of exercise and altered perception of exercise load under hypnosis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998;450:195-7.
  1. Kardos A, Long V, Bryant J, Singh J, Sleight P and Casadei B. Lipophilic versus hydrophilic beta(1) blockers and the cardiac sympatho-vagal balance during stress and daily activity in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Heart. 1998;79:153-60.
  1. Török T, Rudas L, Kardos A and Paprika D. The effects of patterned breathing and continuous positive airway pressure on cardiovascular regulation in healthy volunteers. Acta Physiol Hung. 1997;85:1-10.
  1. Török T, Bari F, Paprika D, Rudas L, Kardos A and Gingl Z. Short-term monitoring of the vascular resistance of the human skin microvasculature. Acta Physiol Hung. 1997;85:153-62.
  1. Török T, Bari F, Kardos A, Paprika D and Rudas L. Isometric handgrip exercise-induced muscarinic vasodilation in the human skin microvasculature. Acta Physiol Hung. 1997;85:193-8.
  1. Kardos A, Rudas L, Simon J, Gingl Z and Csanády M. Effect of postural changes on arterial baroreflex sensitivity assessed by the spontaneous sequence method and Valsalva manoeuvre in healthy subjects. Clin Auton Res. 1997;7:143-8.
  1. Kardos A, Babai L, Rudas L, Gaál T, Horváth T, Tálosi L, Tóth K, Sárváry L and Szász K. Epidemiology of congenital coronary artery anomalies: a coronary arteriography study on a central European population. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1997;42:270-5.
  1. Rudas L, Kardos A and Simon J. Regulation of immediate blood pressure response to orthostasis in patients with fixed ventricular pacemaker rhythm. Clin Sci (Lond). 1996;91 Suppl:97-100.
  1. Kardos A, Halmai L, Rudas L and Csanády M. Changes in blood pressure and heart period variability in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction. Clin Sci (Lond). 1996;91 Suppl:52-5.
  1. Kardos A, Rudas L, Gingl Z, Szabados S and Simon J. The mechanism of blood pressure variability. Study in patients with fixed ventricular pacemaker rhythm. Eur Heart J. 1995;16:545-52.
  1. Kardos A, Rau H, Greenlee MW, Droste C and Roskamm H. Comparison of two mechanical carotid baroreceptor stimulation techniques. Acta Physiol Hung. 1995;83:121-33.
  1. Jasek S, Podolec P, Droste C, Samek L, Schnellbacher K, Kardos A, Sadowski Z, Tracz W and H. Roskamm. Pulmonary artery pressure during exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia: an indicator for silent ST- depression during Holter monitoring? . J Amb Monitor. 1995;8:11-19.
  1. Kardos A, Rau H, Greenlee MW, Droste C, Brody S and Roskamm H. Reduced pain during baroreceptor stimulation in patients with symptomatic and silent myocardial ischaemia. Cardiovasc Res. 1994;28:515-8.
  1. Droste C, Kardos A, Brody S, Greenlee MW, Roskamm H and Rau H. Baroreceptor stimulation: pain perception and sensory thresholds. Biol Psychol. 1994;37:101-13.
  1. Rau H, Brody S, Droste C and Kardos A. Blood pressure changes validate phase related external suction, a controlled method for stimulation of human baroreceptors. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1993;67:26-9.
  1. Meyer K, Kardos A, Samek L, Lehmann M, Kurz K, Caspar U, Droste C, Betz P, Weidemann H and Roskamm H. [Interval resistance exercise in comparison with bicycle ergometry stress. Studies with resistance endurance training in coronary patients]. Z Kardiol. 1992;81:531-7.
  1. Forster T, Varga A, Kardos A, Borthaiser A, Tran van Riep, Móczó I, Gaál T and Csanády M. [Judging the severity of regurgitation in acquired heart defects using color-coded Doppler echocardiography]. Orv Hetil. 1991;132:1683-8.
  1. Forster T, Varga A, Borthaiser A, Kocsis Z, Varga L, Kardos A and Csanády M. [Doppler echocardiography in the examination of normally functioning artificial mitral and aortic valves]. Orv Hetil. 1991;132:2591-7.


  1. William Woodward, Cameron Dockerill, Annabelle McCourt, Ross Upton Jamie O’Driscoll, Katrin Balkhausen, Badrinathan Chandrasekaran, Soroosh Firoozan, Attila Kardos, Kenneth Wong, Gary Woodward, Rizwan Sarwar, Nikant Sabharwal, Elena Benedetto, Nancy Spagou, Rajan Sharma, Daniel Augustine, Apostolos Tsiachristas, Roxy Senior, Paul Leeson: on behalf of the EVAREST Investigators. Real-world performance and accuracy of stress echocardiography: The EVAREST observational multi-center study. European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging (2021), 1–10 May 2021.
  1. ASPIRE-3-PREVENT: a cross-sectional survey of preventive care after a coronary event across the UK. Catriona S Jennings ,Kornelia Kotseva, Paul Bassett, Agnieszka Adamska,David Wood,on behalf of the ASPIRE-3-PREVENT Investigators. Open Heart 2020;7:e001196. doi:10.1136/openhrt-2019-001196
  1. Home monitoring with technology-supported management in chronic heart failure: a randomised trial. Rahimi K, Nazarzadeh M, Pinho- Gomes a-c, Woodward M, Salimi-Khorshidi, G, Ohkuma T, Fitzpatrick R, Tarassenko L, Denis M, Cleland J. Heart2020;0:1–6. doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2020-316773
  1. Ferrannini G, de Bacquer D,  De Backer G, Kotseva K, Mellbin L,  Wood D, Rydén L, on behalf of the EUROASPIRE V collaborators. Screening for Glucose Perturbations and Risk Factor Management in Dysglycemic Patients With Coronary Artery Disease—A Persistent Challenge in Need of Substantial Improvement: A Report From ESC EORP EUROASPIRE V. Diabetes Care February 20, 2020doi.org/10.2337/dc19-2165
  1. De Backer G, Jankowski P, Kotseva K, Mirrakhimov E, Reiner Ž, Rydén L, Tokgözoğlu L, Wood D, De Bacquer D; EUROASPIRE V collaborators. Management of dyslipidaemia in patients with coronary heart disease: Results from the ESC-EORP EUROASPIRE V survey in 27 countries. Atherosclerosis. 2019 Jun;285:135-146. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.014. Epub 2019 Apr 24.
  1. Antonopoulos AS, Odutayo A, Oikonomou EK, Trivella M, Petrou M, Collins GS, Antoniades C; SAFINOUS-CABG (Saphenous Vein Graft Failure—An Outcomes Study in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) group. Development of a risk score for early saphenous vein graft failure: An individual patient data meta-analysis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Aug 26. pii: S0022-5223(19)31640-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.07.086.
  1. Home monitoring with IT-supported specialist management versus home monitoring alone in patients with heart failure: Design and baseline results of the SUPPORT-HF 2 randomized trial. Author links open overlay panel SUPPORT-HF 2 Investigators and Committees1American Heart Journal. February 2019, Pages 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2018.09.007
  1. Milton Packer JJVM, Akshay S Desai, Jianjian Gong, Marty P Lefkowitz, Adel R Rizkala, Jean L Rouleau, Victor Shi, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, et al. . Angiotensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibition Compared With Enalapril on the Risk of Clinical Progression in Surviving Patients With Heart Failure. (PARADIGME-HF Investigators) Circulation2015;131.
  1. Francisco Fuentes I-IICC, Blazing MA, Giugliano RP, McCagg A, White JA, Theroux P, Darius H, Lewis BS, Ophuis TO, Jukema JW, De Ferrari GM, Ruzyllo W, De Lucca P, Im K, Bohula EA, Reist C, Wiviott SD, Tershakovec AM, Musliner TA, Braunwald E, Califf RM; IMPROVE-IT Investigators. . Ezetimibe Added to Statin Therapy after Acute Coronary Syndromes. . N Engl J Med. 2015;372:2387-2397.
  1. John J. V. McMurray MP, Akshay S. Desai, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, et al. The PARADIGM-HF Investigators and Committees. Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition versus enalapril in heart failure. . New England Journal of Medicine2014;371:993-1004.
  1. McMurray JJ, Packer M, Desai AS, Gong J, Lefkowitz MP, Rizkala AR, Rouleau J, Shi VC, Solomon SD, Swedberg K, Zile MR and Investigators P-HCa. Dual angiotensin receptor and neprilysin inhibition as an alternative to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in patients with chronic systolic heart failure: rationale for and design of the Prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and morbidity in Heart Failure trial (PARADIGM-HF). Eur J Heart Fail. 2013;15:1062-73.
  1. Zannad F, McMurray JJ, Krum H, van Veldhuisen DJ, Swedberg K, Shi H, Vincent J, Pocock SJ, Pitt B and Group E-HS. Eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:11-21.


  1. Kardos A. Managing Refractory Angina – Is exercise with co-administered heparin the solution? Invited Editorial. March 2020; European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. DOI: 10.1177/2047487320915346.
  1. Alskaf E, Kardos A. The mystery of defining aortic valve area: what have we learnt from three-dimensional imaging modalities? J Echocardiogr. 2018 Sep;16(3):130-138. doi: 10.1007/s12574-018-0374-8. Epub 2018 Feb 23. Review.
  1. Kardos A and Casadei B. Hormone replacement therapy and ischaemic heart disease among postmenopausal women. J Cardiovasc Risk. 1999;6:105-12. Review


  1. Kardos Attila, Senior Roxy, Becher Harald. Vasodilator Myocardial Perfusion Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Is Superior to Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography in the Detection of Relevant Coronary Artery Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Their Diagnostic Accuracy. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2021. 8;2021.525. DOI=10.3389/fcvm.2021.694323
  2. Megha Agarwal, Lee How, Sudipta Chattopadhyay, Attila Kardos. Leg weakness and paraesthesia provides a clue to sudden death due to aortic dissection. The Lancet, Clinical Picture Vol 397: 128, 2021.
  3. Megha Agarwal, Attila Kardos. Case report: Biventricular Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with sequential ventricular recovery due to pulmonary hypertension. European Heart Journal – Case Reports in press 2021.
  1. Biji Soman, Luke Alexander, Attila Kardos. Chest Pain: Looking beyond the obvious. BMJ Case reports January 2021.
  1. Okoro S and Kardos A. Controversy in Managing Coronary Artery Anomaly with Co-Existing Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in a Young. Austin J Clin Cardiolog. 2021; 7(1): 1072.
  1. Attila Kardos, Biji Soman. Is this a Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy or a re-canalising spontaneous coronary artery dissection in this COVID positive pregnant lady? E-letter to the Editor. BMJ Case reports September 30 2020.
  1. Elton Chen Luo L and Kardos A. Case report: recurrent biventricular Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in a middle-aged man with fatal outcome after full recovery. European Heart Journal – Case Reports. Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 1–6. doi:10.1093/ehjcr/ytz196
  1. A Salem, G Zachou, K Makuloluwa and A Kardos. Never Too Old for a Congenital Heart Disease: A Case of a Unileaflet Mitral Valve in a 76-year-old Man. J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Oct;27(4):e46 https://doi.org/10.4250/jcvi.2019.27.e46
  1. Joana Simões-Pereira, Lai Mun Wang, Attila Kardos and Ashley Grossman. Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Heart Disease as Manifestations of Non-Metastatic Ovarian Carcinoid Tumour. Acta Médica Portuguesa, (5) 421-425. 2016.
  1. Alskaf E, Laskar N, McConkey H, Kardos A. Pannus Formation Leads to Valve Malfunction in the Tricuspid Position 19 Years after Triple Valve Replacement. The Heart Surgery Forum 19 (3) E116-117. 2016.
  1. Thomas Cahill HM, Ravi DeSilva, Attila Kardos. Severe Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis, Single Right Coronary Artery, and Main Stem Equivalent Atherosclerosis: A Functional Triad Causing Effort Induced Syncope. Journal of Experimental Cardiology and Research2014;1 (1):1-2.
  1. Melo P, Cahill TJ and Kardos A. A hot flush signals the way to a woman’s heart. Int J Cardiol. 2014;171:131-2.
  1. Alma O Iacob TC, Margaret Loudon, Theodoros Keremitsos, Susan j Davis, Attila Kardos. Massive pericardial effusion due to cardiac angiosarcoma. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance2014;Online publication(COW):N13-14.
  1. Cahill T, Choji K and Kardos A. Fluoroscopy-Guided snare retrieval of the Celt ACD metallic vascular closure device following failed deployment. Cathet Cardiovasc Interv. 2013.
  1. Petersen SE, Kardos A and Neubauer S. Subendocardial and papillary muscle involvement in a patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome, detected by contrast enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Heart. 2005;91:e9.
  1. Musialek P, Kardos A and Banning AP. Myocardial infarction in young people with normal coronary arteries. Heart. 1999;81:451.
  1. Kardos A, Musialek P and Csanády M. Coronary artery-descending aorta fistula as an unusual collateral in a patient with postductal coarctation. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1998;44:431-3.
  1. Singh JP, Sleight P, Kardos A, Hart G. QT interval dynamics and heart rate variability preceding a case of cardiac arrest. Heart. 1997;77:375-7.
  1. Rudas L, Kardos A, Halmai L, Török T, Pap I and Hegedüs Z. [Defecation syncope following pacemaker implantation]. Orv Hetil. 1997;138:81-2.
  1. Rudas L, Kardos A, Halmai L, Török T and Pap I. [Micturition syncope]. Orv Hetil. 1996;137:2747-9.
  1. Kardos A, Avramov K, Dongó A, Gingl Z, Kardos L and Rudas L. [Management of severe orthostatic hypotension by head-up-tilt posture and administration of fludrocortisone]. Orv Hetil. 1996;137:2407-11.
  1. Fazekas T, Halmai L, Kardos A and Rudas L. [Association of AV reciprocating tachycardia, using a concealed bundle of Kent, and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in neurocardiogenic syncope]. Orv Hetil. 1996;137:1815-9.
  1. Kardos A, Rudas L, Török T and Gingl Z. Continuous positive airway pressure increases blood pressure variability. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26:1756-7.
  1. Kardos A, Rudas L and Simon J. Posture and autonomic cardiac control. Br J Anaesth. 1995;74:628-9.
  1. Szabados S, Kardos A, Simon J, Gingl Z, Hegedüs Z and Rudas L. [Continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring in the diagnosis of pacemaker syndrome]. Orv Hetil. 1994;135:1255-8.
  1. Forster T, Kardos A, Varga A, Gaál T, Kovács G and Csanády M. [Systemic thrombolysis in acute obstruction of an artificial valve]. Orv Hetil. 1991;132:2323-5.
  1. Forster T, Kardos A, Kiss E, Varga A, Gaál T and Csanády M. [Diagnosis of femoral pseudoaneurysm and factors contributing to its incidence after heart catheterization]. Orv Hetil. 1991;132:2897-9.


  1. Kardos A, Casadei B. 1999. “Hormone replacement therapy and ischaemic heart disease in postmenopausal women. ”In Hormone Replacement Therapy a guide for primary care Eds: Rees, Brockie and Hope. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 73-90.
  1. Thornton JM, Paderson D, Kardos A, Guz A, Casadei B, Paterson DJ. 1998. Cardiorespiratory responses to the imagination of exercise and altered perception of exercise load. “Advances in modelling and control of Ventilation”, ed R. Hughson, D.A. Cunningham and J. Duffin. Plenum. 450:195-197
  1. Forster T, Kardos A, Csanády M. (1990). Colour Doppler Evaluation of Physiological Regurgitation: A Comparison Between Kayak-Canoeists and Non-sporting Boys. eds. W.L. Mosterd G.P.H. Hermans., In Sports, Medicine and Health.(ics 921: 882-884), XXIV Word Congress of Sports Medicine, Amsterdam. Amsterdam-New York -Oxford: Excerpta Medica.
  1. Kardos A, Forster T, Csanády M. (1990). Six-Year Echocardiographic Follow-Up On Kayak-Canoeist Boys. eds. W.L. Mosterd G.P.H. Hermans., In Sports, Medicine and Health.(ics 921: 885-890), XXIV Word Congress of Sports Medicine, Amsterdam. Amsterdam-New York -Oxford: Excerpta Medica.
  1. Kardos A, Fekete M, Telegdy G.1988. Further Analysis of the Effects of Cholecystokinin on Fear-motivated Avoidance Behaviour in Rats. In Peptides chemistry, Biology Interactions with Proteins; B. Penke, A. Török eds. W de Gruyter Berlin-New York pp:265-268.
  1. Fekete M, Szipocs I, Halmai L, Franczia P, Kardos A, Csonka E, Szántó-Fekete, M and Gy. T. Cholecystokinin and the Central Nervous System. In: G. Telegdy), ed. Neuropeptides and Brain Function Basel: Karger; 1987: 445-479.


Kardos A. “The effect of CCK on the fear-motivated active avoidance behaviour in rats” Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical University 1988.


Kardos A. “Investigation of baroreflex mechanisms in humans” Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest 1996

Meeting Abstracts since 2012-

1.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MG Friedrich; MD Robson; S Neubauer. T1-mapping has a high diagnostic performance in patients presenting with acute myocarditis: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study. British Cardiovascular Society Annual Conference 2012 May 28-30.

2.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MG Friedrich; MD Robson; S Neubauer. The Diagnostic Performance of Non-contrast T1-Mapping in Patients with Acute Myocarditis on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2012, 14 (Suppl 1):P179 (1 February 2012)

3.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; N. Ntusi; C. Holloway; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MD Robson; MG Friedrich; S Neubauer. Novel Techniques for the Diagnosis of Acute Myocarditis: A Clinical Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study. Oral presentation. Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Los Angeles, 2012. Circulation. 2012;126:A17917

4.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; N. Ntusi; C. Holloway; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MD Robson; MG Friedrich; S Neubauer. The Diagnostic Performance of Novel Techniques for the Detection of Acute Myocarditis: A Clinical Study Using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2013, 15 (Suppl 1):P162 (30 January 2013)

5.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; N. Ntusi; C. Holloway; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MD Robson; MG Friedrich; S Neubauer. Native T1 mapping is a superior method to T2-weighted imaging in the detection of acute myocarditis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Poster presentation at The 8th British Society of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (BSCMR) Annual Meeting, Glasgow, 20th March 2013.

6.       VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; N. Ntusi; C. Holloway; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MD Robson; MG Friedrich; S Neubauer. T1 mapping is a superior method to T2-weighted imaging in the detection of acute myocarditis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Oral presentation in the “Best Oral Abstracts Session”, EuroCMR 2013, 11th International Congress on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Florence Italy.

7. VM Ferreira; SK Piechnik; E Dall’Armellina; TD Karamitsos; JM Francis; N. Ntusi; C. Holloway; RP Choudhury; A Kardos; MD Robson; MG Friedrich; S Neubauer. Native T1-mapping Displays the Extent and Non-ischemic Patterns of Injury in Acute Myocarditis Without the Need for Contrast Agents, Presentation at the SCMR Scientific Sessions being held January 16-19, 2014 at the Hilton New Orleans Riverside Hotel in New Orleans, LA.

  1. Ferreira, Vanessa M; Dall’Armellina, Erica; Piechnik, Stefan K; Karamitsos, Theodoros D; Francis, Jane M; Choudhury, Robin; Channon, Keith; Kharbanda, Rajesh; Forfar, Colin; Ormerod, Oliver; Prendergast, Bernard D; Kardos, Attila; Newton, Jim; Friedrich, Matthias G; Robson, Matthew D; Neubauer, Stefan. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance using T1-mapping, T2-weighted and Late Gadolinium Enhancement Imaging Provides a High Diagnostic Yield in Patients Presenting with Acute Chest Pain, Positive Troponin and Non-obstructive Coronary Arteries, has been accepted for presentation at the SCMR Scientific Sessions being held January 16-19, 2014 at the Hilton New Orleans Riverside Hotel in New Orleans, LA.
Halmai L, Barnas C, Bradlow W, Kardos A.: Can TDI-derived strain analysis predict myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy? Eur J Heart Failure, 2009, 8(suppl 2): II184
Halmai L, Kardos A, Sepp R, Csanády M, Forster T, Varga A.: Is There Separate Diastolic Dysfunction in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy or Systole Leads the Pack? Eur J Echocardiography, 2010, 11(suppl 2):78-79.
Halmai L, Atkinson P, Kardos A, Bogle R: Inhomogenous deformation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: is there a value of 2D-Speckle Tracking Echocardiogrphy? Eur J Echocardiography, 2012, 12(suppl 1): 66-67.

Halmai L, Nemes A, Kardos A, Neubaer S. Can 3D-Speckle Tracking analysis be useful for identifying patients with acute myocarditis? A comparison with cMRI findings. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging, 2013 14(suppl2): ii20-ii48 doi:10.1093/ehjci/jet202 
Halmai L, A. Nemes, A. Kardos, S. Neubauer . Acute myocarditis and early diastole: abnormal recoil behaviour? Annual meeting of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging, Vienna, Austria December 2014
Halmai L, Kardos A, Forster T, Nemes A, Banner N, Neubauer S.Altered Torsion mechanics in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: blame it on the LVOT-obstruction? European Heart Journal (2015) 36(Suppl):311­-312
Cahill TJ, McConkey H, De Silva R, Kardos A; Severe bicuspid aortic valve stenosis, single right coronary artery and main stem-equivalent atherosclerosis: a pathological triad presenting with effort-induced syncope. ICCAD Florence , Italy, October 2013. Tomas J Cahill, Frances Malpass, Attila Kardos. Celt ACD®, a novel stainless steel femoral artery closure device, reduces time to hemostasis, patient discomfort and late bruising compared with Angio-Seal™. British Cardiovascular Society Annual Conference 2014 (2-4 June, Manchester) Heart 2014.